There are approximately 4.8 million tons of sesame seed production around the world. While every sesame seed supplier in China, India and Myanmar contributes as the world’s largest exporters of sesame. On the contrary, the most significant importer of sesame seed is Japan. In the African continent, Nigeria is considered as 7th largest producer after Sudan and Ethiopia.
On account of health benefits alongside an increasing preference for organic consumables, the demand for the seed is like to increase continuously that is positive news for the sesame seed growers.
By the end of 2017, annual production of Nigeria was stood at 0.45 million metric tons, and the production was forecasted to rise in 2018with the highest producing states being Benue, Nassarawa, Jigawa and Taraba.
Approximately about 26 states produce sesame presently. However, the production is forecasted to grow to provide the reasonable prices received by the farmers and increased demand globally.
In Nigeria, over 30 per cent of the land area is cultivatable. This provides a robust foundation for the crop of cultivation. Following facts usher farmers to cultivate more and more sesame:
The seed thrives well in Northern and some parts of Nigeria. It can also be cultivated in a few regions of Southeast. Sesame is seen to be grown successfully in Northern part of the Cross River States and Ebonyi too. While it grew in Delta, its hybrid does not yield enough seed despite bigger leaves.
The sesame plant is typically 60 to 120 tall. Seeds have a rich oil content of 44 to 60 per cent, and it is well-suited to small farmers with a short harvesting cycle between 90 to 140 days. The sequence allows other crops to be grown in the land. Sesame is intercropped with other grains too.
The worldwide demand for sesame seeds and global production for sesame seeds was spiked just over 4.5 million metric ton back in 2017. However, the global market for sesame seed is forecasted to creep at the rate of 4.2 per cent compound annual growth rate between the years 2018 and 2024.
Tiny seeds production in Nigeria has grown up to 40 per cent in the previous season. Japan and China were the leading receivers of sesame grown in Nigeria.
The escalating worldly demand for the following will probably enhance future quality dry hibiscus flower and sesame seed production in countries like Nigeria:
Sesame is primarily used as a source for cooking. It provides numerous industrial and health benefits for cosmetics, medicine, animal feeds and baking. Sesame has been commercialized significantly in multiple forms. Sesame provides you cushion to sell it in different processing stages.